Payment Options: Money Order, Cashier's Check, Personal Check,
This exquisitely crafted work would be a beautiful addition to any crystal collection and a wonderful souvenir for anyone who has seen the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
Many of these products have been highly praised by state officials and have been selected to be the nation and government presents sent to chiefs of state of over 30 countries, including the USA, UK, France, Canada, Japan, and Singapore. They have also won 21 prizes in some professional competitions, including the China Artists and Arts Masterpieces Exhibition and the China Travel Souvenir Design Competition.
These exquisitely crafted miniature monuments are made from the finest materials. Using K9 Optical Crystal and 24K Gold plated accents assures you of quality.
This is the difference between optical crystal and crystal.
K9 Optical Crystal is extremely hard and clear. This permits specialized polishing to produce a surface that transmits light with little or no distortion, which sparkles with diamond like brilliance when cut into facets. Its precise optic effects, developed for the scientific requirements of lens makers, also make it the finest engravable surface for artistic impression. Optical crystal pieces also have the distinction of being lead free, and are available in a variety of solid forms.
Crystal refers to particularly clear, hard glass with superior ability to transmit and reflect light. Lead crystal, so named because it contains lead, is familiar to many due to its traditional use in cut glass tableware. However, there are several types of crystal, many of which do not contain any lead.
Lead oxide when added to the molten glass gives lead crystal a higher index of refraction than normal glass, and consequently greater "sparkle". There is a strong perception within the industry that lead crystal products command premium prices, so they continue to use lead oxide to inflate prices. "But manufacturers are now under pressure to adopt alternatives to lead crystal," says Professor Nick Priest of Middlesex University in the United Kingdom. "The use of lead involves risks to workers and to the environment. Countries such as Denmark and the United States are attempting either to ban or restrict its use in consumer products."
However, lead-free optical crystal glass has a refractive index higher than 1,52 which makes it especially useful for works of art to provide a luxurious character, with high lustre and light transmittance.
The Leaning Tower of Pisa
An Treasured Monument
The Tower of Pisa was built to show the rest of the world the wealth of the city of Pisa. The people of Pisa were very good sailors and they conquered many lands, including Jerusalem, Carthago, Ibiza, Mallorca, Africa, Belgium, Britania, Norway, Spain, Morocco, and other places. But they had only one real enemy, the people from Florence. And to show how well they were doing they started to build a really useless belltower to go with the rest of the buildings near it - the Cathedral, Baptistery, and Cemetery.
They started to build the tower in the year 1173 that means the foot of the tower. After a while the war with Florence started again and they stopped. In 1180 the restarted and in 1185 they had finished the 1st., 2nd., and the 3rd. floor. And again war with Florence, which of course meant that they put all their money in warfare. In this year the tower started to lean to one side, so while they were building, it was already the leaning tower of Pisa. They must have been thinking that a bell tower without bell wasn't a bell tower so the put some bells on the top of the 3rd. floor in 1198.
After a another war with guess who...... Florence, they started again for a period of nine years, from 1275 till 1284. But they didn't have any reason to show off anymore since they had lost a big sea battle in 1284 against the fleet of Genoa. This was because they were betrayed by their own count. Count Ugolino della Gherardesca was locked up with his whole family in the tower of Gualandi.
The people of Pisa threw the key in the Arno River and the count and his family died of starvation. In 1319 they finished all the floors. And finally they put the bell tower on top of it in 1350. In 1392 Pisa was sold to Florence, a big humiliation for the people of Pisa.
The started a rebellion but in 1406 they had to surrender because they were under siege and everybody was dying of starvation. In 1499 they started another war against Florence who were using the people of Pisa as slaves. And again the brave but unfortuned army of Pisa lost and that is the and of the history of Pisa.
They never managed to gain the wealth as in the early years, and now it is a small city somewhere in Italy and they are still showing off with their tower...........